Reading comprehension is a crucial reading skill that every child needs to develop. It is the process of understanding and interpreting text that has been read. As a parent, it can be difficult to watch your child struggle to understand what he or she is reading and this is something I’ve worked on quite a bit with my children. If you want to improve your early reader’s reading comprehension, here are a number of tips that will help:
1) Provide your child with the right books.
You may want your child to improve reading comprehension, but you must first ensure that you are giving your child the proper books. Your child should be able to recognize and understand at least 90 percent of the words in the entire book without asking for any help. Having to stop constantly in order to ask questions will make it difficult for a young one to focus on the story as a whole.
2) Have your child read aloud.
When your child is reading a book, ask him or her to read the words aloud at least 15 minutes a day. This will force your child to go slower, giving him or her more time to process the words on the page. This also encourages your child to hear the words instead of just seeing them. If your child is still very young, you may take turns doing the reading.
Rereading a book will help develop fluency. Your child should practice reading smoothly and quickly in order to properly gain meaning from text. Ensure that your children reread a few simple, familiar books to help them become more fluent in their reading comprehension.
4) Give them supplemental reading.
If your child is studying a particular topic in school, search for short books or articles on the same topic for them to read. A little extra knowledge will promote reading comprehension and will help make the texts read in the classroom a little easier to understand.
5) Process the book with your child.
Make it a point to ask your child questions before, during and after a reading session. Also, encourage your children to ask their own questions about the information being read. Discussing a book with your child will help him or her remember the things that have been read. A little verbal processing will go a long way.
6) Have your child retell the story.
On certain occasions, ask your child to retell a particular story to you as if you have never heard or read it before. Retelling a story develops reading comprehension because it entails your child to absorb what has been read and reconstruct it in his or her own words.